5 Amazing Indian Farming Facts - Must Know
Agriculture has been with us since a very long time. Even though we do not work in agriculture it affects our daily lives.
Here are 5 fun facts about agriculture!
Indian Agriculture is on a Perpetual Decline
- India ranks 2nd in the world in terms of agriculture production.
- India’s world rank in industry and services sector is 5th and 9th respectively.
- Indian agricultural production has augmented from 87 USD bn to 459 USD bn in the last 15 years (12% annual growth).
- Worldwide, India ranks 9th for the agricultural exports.
Indian Agriculture is only Food- Grains Centrical
- Indian agriculture is many-sided, with animal husbandry and horticulture contributing to around 60% of the agricultural GDP of India.
- India is the major milk producing country, and ranks 2nd in fruits & vegetables, 3rd in fish production, 4th in egg and 5th in poultry production worldwide.
- Livestock and horticulture production make up a large share of marginal and small farmers, and therefore plays an important role in the rural economy.
Diminishing Size of Indian Farm Land Results in Low Production
- India and China with the widely held marginal and small land holdings are 1st and 2nd in the agriculture production worldwide.
- The cumulative production/ha/year in small farms is greater on account of manifold cropping intensity, varied output (livestock+ crop) and round the year accessibility of family labour.
- Yield per acre per crop is not an actual measure of the Indian farm yield (as agriculture in India doesn’t follow monoculture like the other western countries).
Indian Agriculture is Profoundly Reliant on Rainfall
- Indian agriculture is dependant on monsoon thanks to chief share of livestock production and horticulture which are round the year activity.
- The irrigated area in India (96mn ha) is the largest in the world
Organic Farming Can Help with Sustainability of Indian Agriculture
- Internationally, only 1% of the agricultural land comes under organic agriculture.
- 100% organic farms are not a sustainable model as there is a high prerequisite of organic manure; however, productivity is seen to be much low.
- Sikkim which is claimed to be a completely organic farming state, is profoundly reliant on other states to feed its populace.