Everthing You Need To Know About Grafting
FUN FACT: Your beloved orange or mango varieties aren’t grown by seed sowing? Maximum of our popular flowering and fruiting plants of particular characters like texture, color, taste, smell, size, etc. are grown by a method of artificial-vegetative-propagation known as grafting.
What Is Grafting?
Grafting is an agricultural method which joins two plants into a single plant. Basically, a wound is made on one of the plants, and the other is inserted into that wound so that each plant's tissues are able to grow together. Buy grafting tool online.
What Is a Rootstock?
The plant part located in the lower portion used in grafting is known as the rootstock. This is typically a strong root system and some part of the stem. You would have probably seen a slubbed bump at the base of some fruit trees or rose plants. This is where a graft is made – thus known as the graft union. Everything that is located below the bump is rootstock.
The features of rootstocks can make it likely to grow plants at a quicker pace and in less than required conditions. One of the most well-known uses for rootstocks is to create dwarf fruit trees. Most fruit trees aren’t only very large for the normal yard; they even take a number of years to become mature and grow to a size which is competent of bearing fruit.
Besides dwarfing, rootstocks also contribute characteristics to improvise the yield, drought or cold hardiness, and even ailment resistance.
What Is a Scion?
The part located above the graft is known as the scion. It is a young and new bud or shoot from a plant with advantageous traits like great colour, flavour or disease prevention. All the upper growth of a grafted plant like its flowers, leaves, fruits, etc., come from the scion. By uniting the scion and the rootstock, one can be thoughtfully guaranteed you will end up with a dependably productive and a hardy plant.
It’s not important that the scion and rootstock have to be from the same species, but they must be closely associated, for example grafting a peach tree onto a plum rootstock. It is also likely to graft several scions onto a single rootstock, as they do for apple trees which offer multiple varieties on various branches.
Special Growing Considerations for Grafted Plants
You have to be extremely careful and vigilant while planting grafted plants. If the graft joint is buried underground, the scion can send down its own roots or the rootstock might sprout its own top growth. When this happens, you lose the features opted for when the plant was initially grafted.
Types of grafting:
Conditional to position and size of scion stem & the type of cut is made on scion and stock; there are various types of grafting namely-
- Approach grafting: mango, and tamarind
- Cleft grafting: Fruiting trees like apples, cherries, pears, and peaches
- Flat grafting: Cacti
- Saddle grafting: Lilac and Rhododendron.
- Side grafting: Roses.
- Splice grafting: Few types of cacti
Some advantages of grafting:
- With a gardener’s inquisitiveness, trees can be given ornamental shapes, numerous varieties of various scions can be grafted on a single stock plant, etc.
- A lot of commercially valuable plants are hard to grow by other propagation methods like cutting & layering, but they respond well to grafting.
- Grafting is the fastest technique of growing desirable, popular varieties of various flowering shrubs and fruiting trees on a large scale. Buy grafting tool online.
- Grafting is a method of emulating a scion variety to preserve the constancy of characteristics for instance color, size flavors, etc.
- Scions are extremely valuable varieties, but they typically have a bad rooting system with weak defense against pathogens and less vigor. All these defects can be easily overcome by grafting them on the stock, that is normally a wild and hardy relative of a scion.